Prediabetes: Definition, Symptoms, Causes

What is prediabetes?


Pre-diabetes means that blood sugar levels (also called blood sugar) are higher than normal. When your blood sugar level reaches a certain level, you have diabetes. This disease occurs when your body does not manufacture the hormone insulin or use it properly. Too much glucose can cause accumulation in the blood. Over time, too much glucose in the blood may be harmful to your body.

The introduction of diabetes is that the blood sugar level is too high, but it is not enough to be called diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes usually have diabetes first. If you have prediabetes, you are more likely to have type 2 diabetes. You are also at risk for other health conditions, including heart disease or stroke.Prediabetes

The good news is that if you have prediabetes, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes by changing your lifestyle. These include eating a healthy diet, achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly.Prediabetes


Diabetes precedents usually do not show any signs or symptoms.

A possible symptom of diabetes is dark skin in some parts of the body. The affected area may include the neck, armpits, elbows, knees and joints.

Common signs and symptoms that suggest that you have changed from type 2 diabetes to diabetes include:

  • Thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Defeated
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision

Causes Of Pre Diabetes

When insulin cannot work properly in the body, diabetes develops. Insulin helps your body’s cells use blood sugar. When insulin does not work properly, a lot of glucose is produced in the blood. Higher than normal levels may indicate the presence of pre-diabetes. If the level is high enough, you have type 2 diabetes. High glucose levels can damage blood vessels and nerves. This increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and other health problems.Prediabetes

  • You are overweight or obese.
  • You have a father, brother or sister with diabetes.
  • You had diabetes during pregnancy (called gestational diabetes), or your baby weighed more than 9 pounds at birth.
  • You are African American, Native American, Latin American or Asian/Pacific Islander.
  • You have high blood pressure (over 140/90 mm Hg).
  • Benign cholesterol levels (“good” cholesterol) are very low (less than 40 mg/dL in men and less than 50 mg/dL in women), or triglyceride levels are higher than 250 mg/dL.
  • You are a woman with PCOS.

How is prediabetes diagnosed?

Your doctor may have a blood test to check for signs of diabetes. He wants to test “fasting blood glucose” first. Fasting blood sugar level is the blood sugar level that is before breakfast. The results of the fasting blood sugar test are:

  • Normal = between 70 and 99 mg per dL
  • Prediabetes = between 100 and 125 mg per dL
  • Diabetes = higher than 126 mg per dL.

If a fasting blood test shows that you have diabetes, your doctor may wish to have an A1C blood test. Or your doctor may skip the fasting blood glucose test and perform the A1C blood test. This test can provide information about the average blood glucose level in the past three months. The result expressed as a percentage is:

  • Normal = below 5.7%
  • Prediabetes = between 5.7% and 6.4%
  • Diabetes = 6.5% or higher.

If you are 45 years of age or older, you must get tested for diabetes. If you are under 45 years of age and have any of the above risk factors, you should also take the test.


If you have urinary tract infections, the best way to prevent type 2 diabetes is to make lifestyle changes.

  • Weight loss:If you are overweight, losing only 7% of your initial weight can help prevent diabetes do not delay. This way you weigh to 200 pounds, if that is the loss of 14 pounds can make a difference. Followed by weight loss and blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  • Prescription:Exercise is an important part of It is essential to the prevention of diabetes. Moderate physical activity exercise routines should include at least 5 times a week. This can include brisk walking, cycling or swimming. Ask your doctor about the safe exercise class for you.
  • A healthy diet food:Vegetables, fruits, whole grains and lean protein, so that the fish of the region, and a low-fat dairy. Do not eat a lot of reasoning and feeds it to a friend.To reduce the calorie intake, eat less every day. Instead of sugar or drink beverages.

Your doctor or dietitian can be taken as a guide to diabetes and exercise to help you change your eating habits.

Diabetes that not even the drug to the help of some of the delay. Ask your doctor if this is a good option for you ….


The first treatment for pre-diabetes is unchanged. Weight loss, exercise and diet are all healthy diets. These three ingredients can help control blood sugar levels and prevent blood sugar from rising. In some cases, it can lower blood sugar levels. These lifestyle changes can reverse the Journal of Diabetes

Treatment For Medicine Yes OR NOT?

Diabetes medications are not as effective as diet and exercise. However, if you are at risk for diabetes and you have other medical problems, your doctor may prescribe medication. These can include obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol or high blood pressure.

Living with prediabetes

Living with pre-diabetes, you should pay attention to the complete prevention of diabetes. The best way to do this is to lose weight, eat properly and exercise regularly. But these lifestyle changes can be difficult. Here are some tips to help you make changes successfully.

Some steps

Healthy lifestyle changes require time and effort. But you don’t have to make all changes at once. Starting from a young age is like switching from drinking soda to drinking water. After making changes, please celebrate your progress. Then, you need the next change. This may take some time, but please move on. In your lifestyle, your health will also improve.

nobody is perfect. It is easy to return to the original habit. If you slip again, please resume your healthy habits as soon as possible. Sometimes you can take a step back, but as your health improves.



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